2h. Coach in collection, analysis, & communication of student data

Reflection

Substandard 2H tasks coaches with guiding teachers through the process of using digital tools to collect, analyze, and communicate student learning data. Technology can make the assessment process easier for teachers by reducing grading that needs to happen manually. Data is easily sorted and students who need more support (or extension) can be quickly identified. For students, many assessment tools provide them with opportunities to review content both at school and at home. Results are instant, so students can review as needed.

When discussing assessment, it’s important to differentiate between formative and summative assessment. The tools you choose for assessment may change depending on the type of assessment.

  • Formative assessment: Assessment FOR learning; occurs throughout the unit; students have opportunity to make changes based on peer and teacher feedback; teacher adjusts content or process to meet needs identified through formative assessment

  • Summative assessment: Assessment OF learning; occurs at end of unit as final project, test, or task; provides opportunity to students to demonstrate knowledge of unit’s learning goals

My first piece of evidence is an excerpt from a blog post I wrote on a revolutionary new LMS that is data-driven and aligned with many popular standards. Kiddom is a free digital tool that supports Standards Based Grading. Data reflects progress of individual students and the class as a whole.

My next piece of evidence is a list of assessment tools I have used for both formative and summative assessment in the classroom. All tools listed support data-driven instruction and make the results accessible to both students and teachers.

Evidence: Data-Focused LMS

In searching for ways that technology can support Standards Based Grading and student ownership, I discovered a blog post by Angela Watson discussing Kiddom online. Kiddom is a Learning Management System that supports Standards-Based Grading for teachers in grades K-12 and is free for teachers and students. Dozens of standards are available including state-specific standards, Common Core standards, the ISTE standards, Next Generation Science standards, and even Social Emotional Learning standards.

Much like Google Classroom or Schoology, Kiddom serves as an online grade book and classroom. Unlike other LMS systems, Kiddom heavily emphasizes data and makes it easily accessible (and understandable) for teachers, students, and parents alike.

The data available to teachers gives an overview of where individual students and the class as a whole are at in terms of meeting set goals and overall standards. You can see some examples of that data on the page ‘What Insights Do My Reports Offer?

Using that data to inform instruction, assignments can be given to specific students based on their level of mastery. This is ideal for providing either extensions, extra practice, or remediation based on student need.

Kiddom has the potential to be a real game-changer of an LMS. For a detailed look at the platform and ways it supports individualized learning and differentiation, please see my post using the link below.

Evidence: Assessment Tools

Microsoft Forms

Microsoft Forms can be used for both formative and summative assessment. You can create multiple choice questions, drop-down questions, likert scale questions, and open-ended text questions. Teachers can assign a point value to each question. Microsoft Forms’ system of reviewing students’ open-ended short and long responses is quite intuitive and allows you to easily cycle between responses, assigning a point value and providing custom feedback as you go. Questions with a single answer are scored automatically.

Teachers can view data by both individual student or overall class response. Depending on teacher preference, students can see their scores instantly or only after the teacher has reviewed and published the data.

Quizlet

Quizlet is a popular tool for formative assessment. Think of Quizlet as digital flashcards that you create for students (they can also make their own). As long as you have terms that can be matched to definitions, you can use Quizlet. While I use Quizlet for vocabulary in my English class, I’ve seen Spanish teachers and Science teachers alike utilize Quizlet. 

There are several learning modes that students can complete individually or in competition with each-other. There is also a Quizlet Live mode which is a class-wide game that my students really enjoy. It is easy to view data on Quizlet. You can monitor individual student progress or progress at the class level as seen in the screenshot below.

Kahoot

Kahoot is a popular tool for gamified learning which supports formative assessment. Students love the competitive aspect of Kahoot. Teachers can create their own quizzes or utilize pre-made quizzes such as the one shown below.

At the free level, Kahoot is best used as a quick Check for Understanding. The reason for this is that the only data available at the free level is a stripped down Excel spreadsheet that would require the teacher to add conditional formatting to see which answers students got right and wrong. This is likely more time than many teachers want to spend and it’s unfortunate that you must pay to access this data. 

For those like me who don’t pay for the subscription, you can pause before switching to the next question and have students talk through their responses with a partner or you may choose to explain the concept if there were a large number who got the answer wrong.  

Socrative

Socrative is popular tool for formative assessment because it can be easily accessed by students without needing to create accounts. As long as you don’t need to have more than 50 students in a quiz session at a time, the free version will work just fine.

Socrative has the ability to tag your quizzes with Common Core Standards. You can utilize multiple choice, true/false, and open-ended text-responses. The text-responses are not always reliable since you cannot grade them manually. You must input keywords you’d like to see in student responses and the system grades using that data set. So it is possible for a student to be correct, but word it in a way you didn’t expect and get marked wrong.

I like that Socrative allows for three delivery modes. Instant feedback requires that students answer sequentially without allowing them to go back or forward. They see an instant right/wrong message at the end of each question. Open navigation allows students to move throughout the quiz before submitting and answers are not shown until the end. Teacher paced works well if given in conjunction to a presentation as you control the pace of the questions.

Answer Garden

Answer Garden is a neat free tool that can be used to grab a quick snapshot of student understanding. You can create any question you like and send out a link for students to respond. As responses come in, they will populate a word cloud. Responses that are received multiple times will increase in size to show popularity. Students can respond just once or you can set it so that responses are unlimited. The downside is that students are limited to 40 characters. I like using Answer Garden as a starting point for discussion.

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